Glossary

Glossary

There are 81 entries in this glossary.
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Glossaries

Term Definition
Wilson's disease

Wilson's disease is a genetic disorder in which copper builds up in the body. Symptoms are typically related to the brain and liver. Liver related symptoms include vomiting, weakness, fluid build up in the abdomen, swelling of the legs, yellowish skin, and itchiness.

Author: M.T
Urinary incontinence

loss of conscious control of urination due to an organic condition, such as a neurological disorder or age-related changes in the bladder or kidneys.

Author: M.T
Hits: 205
Synonyms: involuntary urination
trichotillomania

n. a disorder characterized by the persistent pulling of hair from any part of one’s body on which it grows, often with conspicuous hair loss.

Author: M.T
Hits: 181
Synonyms: hair-pulling disorder
Tourette’s disorder

tic disorder characterized by many motor tics and one or more vocal tics, such as grunts, yelps, barks, sniffs, or (rarely) coprolalia. 

Author: M.T
Hits: 258
Synonyms: Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome
tic disorder

any one of a group of disorders characterized by the occurrence many times a day of motor tics, vocal tics, or both that is not due to a general medical condition or the effects of a medication.

Author: M.T
substance-induced psychotic disorder

in DSM–IV–TR, prominent hallucinations or delusions due to the direct physiological effects of a substance and not arising as part of a withdrawal syndrome.

Author: M.T
Synonyms: substance/medication-induced psychotic disorder, hallucinosis
stuttering

n. a disturbance in the normal fluency and time sequencing of speech. It is characterized by frequent repetition or prolongation of sounds, syllables, or words, with hesitations and pauses that disrupt speech. 

Author: M.T
Hits: 214
Synonyms: childhood-onset fluency disorder, stammering
speech sound disorder

in DSM–IV–TR, a communication disorder characterized by failure to develop and consistently use speech sounds that are appropriate for the child’s age.

Author: M.T
Synonyms: phonological disorder, developmental articulation disorder
speech and language disorder

any disorder that affects verbal or written communication. 

Author: M.T
Hits: 198
specific phobia

an anxiety disorder, formerly called simple phobia, characterized by a marked and persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (e.g., dogs, blood, flying, heights).

Author: M.T
Synonyms: simple phobia
specific learning disorder

see learning disorder. See also disorder of written expression; mathematics disorder; reading disorder.

Author: M.T
somatic symptom disorder

in DSM–5, a disorder characterized by one or more significant bodily symptoms (e.g., pain) that cause distress or impair daily function and by excessive, maladaptive thoughts (preoccupation) or excessive worry about the symptoms, with or without the presence of a medical condition to account for the symptoms. 

Author: M.T
social phobia

an anxiety disorder that is characterized by extreme and persistent social anxiety or performance anxiety and that causes significant distress or prevents participation in social activities.

Author: M.T
Hits: 196
Synonyms: social anxiety disorder
social (pragmatic) communication disorder

in DSM–5, a developmental disorder characterized by a child’s difficulties in the social use of language, including impaired ability to use appropriate language in varying situations, to follow conversational rules such as turn taking, and to understand implied or ambiguous meanings, as in metaphors and humor. 

Author: M.T
separation anxiety disorder

in DSM–IV–TR, an anxiety disorder occurring in childhood or adolescence that is characterized by developmentally inappropriate, persistent, and excessive anxiety about separation from the home or from major attachment figures.

Author: M.T

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